Glue Ear (OME)

Introduction

Glue ear is common. Up to eight in every ten children (80%) will have a short episode of glue ear before they start primary school. The medical name for glue ear is “otitis media with effusion”.



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Hayfever

What is Hayfever?

Hayfever is the common name given to cold-like symptoms caused by breathing in plant pollen at certain times of the year.



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ABOUT HEARING LOSS

What is Hearing Loss?

Hearing loss is a symptom of a variety of conditions affecting the hearing organ or its nerve connection to the brain. It may be caused by problems affecting the transmission of sound through the eardrum and bones of hearing (called ossicles) to the cochlea (the organ of hearing), or it may be due to problems in the cochlea and the auditory nerve that connects the cochlea to the brain (Figure 1).



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ABOUT MICROLARYNGOSCOPY & OESOPHAGOSCOPY

What is this leaflet about?

This leaflet describes two procedures: microlaryngoscopy and oesophagoscopy.



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ABOUT NECK DISSECTION

How do cancers spread?

Most cancers which start in the head and neck region have the ability to spread to other parts of the body; these are called metastases (‘mets’) or ‘secondaries’. Cancers can spread in a number of different ways, most often by the lymph system to lymph nodes and sometimes by the blood to other distant organs like the liver.



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ABOUT SINUSITIS

What are sinuses?

There are four pairs of sinuses in the head that assist the control of temperature and humidity of the air reaching the
lungs. Sinuses begin as pea-sized pouches in the newborn extending outward from the inside of the nose to the bones
of the face and skull. They expand and grow throughout childhood and into young adulthood. Eventually they become air pockets or cavities that are lined with the same kind of lining that lines the nose. They are connected to the inside of the nose through smaller openings called ostia.



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ABOUT SNORING AND SLEEP APNOEA

Is snoring a common problem?

Yes, at least 20% of the adult population snore regularly and loud enough to disturb those around them.



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